History of NIS
Metrology began in Egypt more than 5000 years ago the Royal Egyptian Cubit was used as a standard of length. The famous Pyramids of Giza were constructed with an accuracy and precision that would challenge today’s most advanced surveying instruments. The National Institute for Standards was founded 1963. The Institute was originally located in downtown Cairo but, in 1992, it was moved to the Haram Campus in Giza. Over the past 25 years the campus has expanded with dedicated buildings to house the Length Standards Laboratory and the Radiation Laboratory. In 2018 a new building will be opened to provide modern accommodation for the Chemical Metrology group.
In 1999 NIS became a signatory to the Mutual Recognition Agreement or MRA. This guarantees equivalence in measurement between more than 50 countries Worldwide. NIS is a member of the African Regional Measurement Organization, AFRIMETS, and is a participant in the European EUROMET and Asian (ASIMET). NIS procedures conform to ISO9000, ISO17034 and ISO17025 and is working towards full certification by the end of 2016. In 2015 NIS embarked on an EU funded twinning project together with National Laboratories in Germany, UK, France and Ireland. This project will ensure that NIS and Egypt conform to the highest international standards.
Organization of NIS
More than 200 scientists work at NIS. The Institute is comprised of 21 Laboratories grouped into 6 divisions. The divisions are organized along the lines of the 7 base SI units for Mass, Length, Time etc.
NIS is a leading Research Laboratory
Part of NIS mission is to ensure that Egypt’s measuring capabilities are World Class – and are continually being improved. Many NIS scientists participate in international collaborations with laboratories in Europe, USA and Asia. These include well-known National laboratories such as NPL in UK, PTB in Germany and NIST in USA. NIS scientists travel to International laboratories to work and to receive training. NIS also takes part in Inter Laboratory Comparisons (ILC) in which a group of laboratories carry out a series of measurements and the results are compared by statistical analysis. In this way, errors and offsets are identified and corrected – leading to ever more accurate and precise results.
Current International projects in which NIS participates include re-definition of the Kelvin and Kilogram. These form part of a long-term, international effort to replace standards based on physical objects (such as the original Platinum Kg) with measurements that are derived for fundamental Physical constants (such as the speed of light). For example, NIS scientists have collaborated with LNE-CNAM in France to construct an advanced Helium Cryostat that allows highly precise temperature measurements to 6.5K and this is used in ILC’s to support the new temperature standard. NIS also possesses a prototype of the recently developed Silicon Sphere that will be used in the new definition of the kilogram.
Services provided by NIS
In addition to its role in maintaining and developing Egypt’s primary Standards, NIS also provides many services to Egyptian Industry and government laboratories. These include
- Calibration Services.
- Testing Services
- Consulting Services
- Training Services
- Reference Materials
Why NIS is the perfect partner for your business
There are many commercial laboratories that can provide excellent calibration and testing services. But those labs all rely on NIS to perform calibration of their standard measuring systems. Only NIS has access to the full range of calibration standards – from the Primary standard, through the Secondary standards to the Working standards used by commercial calibration laboratories. When you require the highest level of calibration – NIS should be your partner of choice.
NIS is also the only organization with the size and scale to offer a broad range of calibration covering all of the
- NIS is the only lab that has access to the primary standards.
- Only NIS can provide the most accurate and precise calibration.
- NIS has the most highly qualified academic staff – with active contacts to other NIM’s.
- NIS is ISO 17025 and 17043 qualified.
- Customer focus.